Flies are present all around us. Their presence can cause serious problems for some people, such as owners of food and beverage establishments. In addition to food, flies are attracted to other materials, such as garbage, feces, and decaying materials.
Types of flies in Mexico
House fly (Musca domestica)
Houseflies are probably the most notorious fly species. They can be recognized by the presence of four vertical stripes on their back and their gray body. Houseflies are usually found near waste collection areas such as dumpsters and dumpsters as they feed on food waste and droppings. Their presence in homes is a nuisance for many homeowners.
Fruit fly (Drosophila spp.)
The fruit fly is another species of fly that is found all around us. They measure about 3 mm, are yellowish-brown in color and most have red eyes that make them easy to distinguish. Fruit flies are attracted to
- ripe fruits
Blue fly (Calliphoridae)
Bluebottle flies have a distinctive metallic blue body and red eyes, with a body size ranging from 10mm to 14mm. They are often found flying around dumpsters looking for food. Blowflies are also attracted to the feces and decomposing carcasses of animals.
Flesh fly (Sarcophagidae)
Flesh flies are similar in size to blowflies, but have a gray body and can be distinguished by the three vertical stripes on the back of the thorax. Flesh flies breed in feces, carcasses, and even open wounds (which their name implies).
Drain fly (Psychodidae)
Drain flies or sewer flies are also known as moth flies as they have a fuzzy body that resembles moths. They are usually about 2mm in size and can be found around the sewage system, such as drains and floor traps that serve as breeding sites. Drain flies feed on organic matter found in sewers.
Phorid fly (Megaselia)
Phorid flies are another important fly species commonly found in Mexico. Due to their appearance, they are often mistaken for fruit flies. Phorid flies breed in the drainage system as well as on decaying materials, including plants.
Life Cycle and Biology
Flies undergo complete metamorphosis and their life stages consist of the egg, larva, pupa, and adult stages. The eggs differ in size and shape depending on the species. Generally speaking, they are placed on or near larval food sources, such as food debris in the case of houseflies. The eggs hatch into larvae that resemble a worm. Some are commonly known as worms. The larvae feed, store nutrients and obtain energy. They then pupate before emerging as adults.
Flies are associated with poor sanitation and hygiene, as well as the ability to transmit disease. People don’t like flies for these reasons.
Flies are mechanical vectors of diseases and conditions such as:
Flies pick up pathogens as they crawl and feed on infected surfaces with poor sanitation. They then transmit the pathogens to another object on which they rest or through direct contact with humans. As the flies feed, they regurgitate the food and this process facilitates the transmission of pathogens. Disease transmission can be prevented by avoiding unsanitized or contaminated cookware and by ensuring that food is not contaminated. It is important to keep flies off food and utensils through proper storage and good housekeeping practices.
What attracts flies
Flies have an excellent sense of smell. Studies have shown that certain flies can detect odors up to 7 km away. They can also detect the scent of spots that are not visible to the naked eye, making them very efficient at finding food. The presence of the following elements may be the reason why flies are found around your house or premises:
- Food waste or rotting food
- food stains
- ripe fruits
- Sewer or drains
- Animal feces or carcasses
Signs of fly infestations
1. Fly sightings around your house
It may be normal to occasionally spot flies around your home as they can enter your home from outside while searching for food. However, if you have been seeing flies around your home on a regular basis or if you notice an increase in the number of flies, you may want to start looking for fly breeding sites.
2. Presence of worms around the house
In addition to seeing flies flying, the sighting of maggots usually indicates a fly infestation nearby, as they usually won’t stray far from their breeding grounds. Follow the trails of the worms or search nearby areas. You should then be able to locate fly breeding sites.
Tips to prevent flies from invading your home
1. Maintain good sanitation and cleanliness
One of the most effective ways to keep pests away is to maintain good housekeeping practices. Poor housekeeping and sanitation provide pests with sources of food, water, and shelter, which attracts them. Here are some important actions to take to keep flies away from home.
- Cover the food. Flies have an excellent sense of smell, so the smell of food can attract them from afar. Properly covering your food will prevent you from sharing it with flies and prevent food contamination.
- Cover containers and empty them regularly. Kitchen bins and garbage cans are where food scraps and scraps end up. Flies aren’t as picky as humans, so containers are great places for them to forage. Covering containers with lids will prevent flies from gaining access to food. Emptying the bins regularly will help prevent a buildup of spoiled food that attracts flies.
- Clean and clean properly. Flies can feed on human food stains and grease. Therefore, it is important to keep surfaces in food preparation and dining areas clean. Flies can detect stains or chemicals that are not visible to the human eye. Therefore, it is important to clean and clean the kitchen. Proper cleaning will remove any material that may attract flies. Don’t leave dishes in the sink for too long, as stains can also attract flies. Cutlery and utensils should be cleaned as soon as possible after use to avoid attracting flies.
- Keep drains clear. The accumulation of organic materials in drains forms ideal breeding grounds for drain flies and even phorid flies. To prevent the breeding of drain flies, it is essential to ensure that the drains are not clogged. Drains can be cleaned with drain cleaners or even hot water to remove buildup of organic materials.
2. Keep doors and windows closed
You can keep flies out by keeping your kitchen door and windows closed. Installing mosquito nets is another viable alternative, as you can keep flies away without making your kitchen and home suffocating. Air curtains use fast-moving air to create a barrier that keeps flies out.
3. Improve air circulation
Air movement disrupts the flight of flies, especially the smaller species, as they are weak fliers. Keep air circulating inside the kitchen by turning on the fan. This helps keep flies away.
4. Use fly traps
Fly traps are effective tools that are widely used in fly control. However, using fly traps with fly swatters in the kitchen or dining room is not recommended, as they tend to break flies into pieces. Those body parts can fall into the food.
5. Inspect for potential breeding sites
Carry out a regular inspection around your house or pay special attention to the surroundings to detect fly breeding sites. Repair cracks or construction defects to prevent breeding of pests, including flies. Early detection of fly activity will prevent the situation from escalating.
DIY methods to prevent flies in Mexico
There are many types of homemade fly traps that are effective against flies. One of the easiest ways to make a fly trap is to use a bottle or jar and lid, apple cider vinegar, and dishwashing liquid. The trap is prepared by mixing a tablespoon of dishwashing liquid with apple cider vinegar in a bottle or jar. The bottle or jar is then properly corked. A small hole is made in the lid as an entrance for flies. This trap is effective against houseflies and fruit flies as its scent will attract them.
Professional Fly Treatment
If you ever feel like your infestation is getting out of control, or if you want peace of mind without worrying about flies infesting your property, seek the help of pest control professionals. Pest control professionals will design a control program that works best for you to combat flies.
The first step in professional fly treatment involves a thorough inspection to obtain information such as the severity of the infestation and identification of the source of the infestation. At Killem Pest, our Pest Management Professionals (PMPs) are professionally trained and up-to-date with pest knowledge. PMPs may determine appropriate management programs based on their assessment. They can also identify breeding sources that may not be detectable by ordinary people based on their experience in the field.
As mentioned above, fly traps are essential tools in fly management. The fly traps used by Pest Management Professionals are insect light traps that attract flies using ultraviolet (UV) light. UV light traps used by professionals emit rays of a specific wavelength, which, in turn, attract flies. The flies are then trapped on sticky plates placed near the light source. The placement and position of the light traps play an important role in determining the effectiveness of the fly control program. Misplaced insect light traps are ineffective and can cause other hazards if not installed correctly.
Another treatment method for flies involves residual spraying. Residual fumigation should only be done in non-food locations to avoid contamination of food with chemicals. Residual spraying can be done in areas where flies rest, such as walls. Residual fumigation should be done with attention to the environment to limit human and pet exposure to chemicals.
Do you have problems with flies in your properties? Get in touch with Killem Pest now.
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