Work stress is defined as job stress that causes harmful physical and emotional responses, due to the mismatch of work requirements with the capabilities and needs of the worker. Excessive job stress leads to many long-term health problems, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure. In addition, work stress affects our health indirectly, by reducing the ability and motivation of the worker.
Work stress and how to deal with it
The pressures that an individual faces at work can be dealt with through the following:
- Rethinking how to manage time, and if you do not use a calendar or planner, you can start using it, in order to help complete daily tasks, especially if there are many tasks that must be done, as these lists make it easier to remember and set a time to do them, and help in Reducing stress.
- Maintaining health and focusing on sleep. In the case of poor body health, the work situation can worsen, so you must eat healthy food, exercise, and get enough sleep, in order to help further improve functional or academic performance.
- Share talking with friends. Talking with friends or co-workers can help reduce work stress, by sharing the same experiences and how to overcome them.
- Giving employees a sense of control over work, opportunities to grow and learn new things, and attention to various aspects of work, such as: designing workplaces to avoid injuries, matching the skills and abilities of the worker with the tasks assigned to him, workers using their own skills at work, and providing opportunities for social interaction among workers.
Among the reasons that lead to a feeling of work pressure are the following:
- Low morale: the worker feels helpless in the event of low morale towards work, which leads to a decrease in his productivity, and among the most stressful jobs are secretaries, waiters, and police officers.
- Management style: The adopted management style is considered one of the most important reasons for feeling psychological and occupational tension , due to the weakness of adopting a good management style, for example, poor communication in the workplace, not including employees when making decisions, and the lack of moral support for employees by employers. Poor balance between family and work is a reason that leads to work pressures.
- Job responsibilities: Methods for assigning and executing tasks are a contributing factor in work pressures, because they are considered a heavy burden on the worker, and the inability of the individual to carry out routine tasks, bearing long hours, lack of breaks, and ignoring workers’ skills, are among the things that increase work pressures. .
- Occupational interests: Job anxiety, insecurity, or opportunities for advancement are contributing factors to work disruption and stress.
- Traumatic events: Traumatic events in some jobs can make it difficult to meet normal work responsibilities. Examples of these jobs are firefighting, criminal justice, and the military.
- Work environment : An unstable work environment, such as: noise, lack of privacy, poor temperature control, or inadequate facilities, increases work stress.